iCell banking involves the harvesting, processing and cryopreservation of an individual’s healthy iCells for potential future use in immunotherapies. During the processing stage, white blood cells are separated from peripheral blood, which includes T-cells and other iCells. From there, the cell samples are safely stored and kept viable until they are needed. In order to be helpful for immunotherapy, iCells must be harvested with high purity.
iCell banking works as a form of medical insurance against the potential that the patient will require immunotherapy in the future. It can be seen as a long-term investment in your health, in line with taking out an insurance plan. All insurance plans are speculative in nature, requiring you to invest in your health now to protect yourself against the possibility of future health issues.
As we age, our adaptive and innate immune systems may cease to function as effectively as they once did. Some of the alterations listed below may have an impact on the immune system:
After the age of 50, the age-related decrease in immunological function may be faster. Other factors that might contribute to decreased immune system performance include genetics, environment and lifestyle.
Your immune system — the body’s natural defence against infectious illnesses – decreases as you become older.
A functioning immune system – comprising specific organs, cells, and chemicals – is necessary to aid in the battle against pathogen infection, to guard against dangerous substances in the environment and to destroy aberrant cells within our bodies (such as cancer cells).
Bacteria blanket our bodies and suffuse the air we breathe. Bacteria may be found on almost every surface in our surroundings. To assist prevent infection, our skin and interior mucous membranes function as physical barriers. Bacteria can enter the body when the skin or mucous membranes are damaged owing to illness, inflammation or injury. Once in the tissues, infecting bacteria are generally covered with complement – a complex protein network of plasma – and antibodies, allowing neutrophils to quickly identify the germs as something alien. The germs are then engulfed and destroyed by neutrophils.
This mechanism efficiently destroys the bacteria when the antibodies, complement and neutrophils are all operating correctly. Recurrent bacterial infections can develop when the amount of germs is excessive or when there are abnormalities in antibody synthesis, complement and/or neutrophils.
Our bodies protect against viruses in a different way than they do against bacteria. Viruses can only exist and reproduce within human cells. As a result, they may “hide” from our immune system. When a virus infects a cell, the cell produces cytokines to notify other cells of the infection. In most cases, this “alarm” protects additional cells from being infected.
Circulating T-cells and NK cells are alerted to a viral invasion and move to the location, where they destroy the virus-carrying cells. However, many of our own cells may be destroyed in the process, making this an extremely destructive technique for killing the virus. Nonetheless, it is an effective method of eradicating the infection.
At the same time, as T-lymphocytes are destroying viruses, they are instructing B-lymphocytes to produce antibodies. When we are exposed to the same virus a second time, the antibodies aid in the prevention of illness. Memory T-cells are also generated and respond quickly to a second infection, resulting in a milder course of the infection.
iCell banking is given to healthy individuals as biological insurance. This model is similar to private cord blood banks, where families elect to bank their newborn’s stem cells to preserve their future health.
In the beginning, family cord blood banking was very speculative:
On multiple levels, the experience of family cord blood banks serves as a warning story for iCell banks.
To learn more about the procedures offered, please complete the form below with the procedure you are interested in.
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